We live on earth, and this is our only home. All of our humankind has spent time under this beautiful sheet. But we do not know why we came here and how we came here. As our intellect continues to evolve, we continue to study our universe. About 400 years ago, we began to understand science. People can learn about the laws and mysteries of nature. The search for this unknown human being continues to be discovered by many great scientists. Those who ask the question, What is in those stars of the sky? And our desire to know the unknown, has forced us to keep our eyes deep in this space.
We know that we are not special in this universe. There are trillions of trillions of planets in the universe just like us. Which is conducting its sun. Today, we know that we have billions of stores in our galaxy. We have trillions of trillions of galaxies like this in this observable universe. According to data from NASA Kepler’s mission in November 2013, we have 40 billion earth size planets in our galaxy. Which is conducting its sun, from a proper habitable zone. But here comes a question in our mind. Can we go to all the sun or planets? Which is far from us.
We landed on the moon outside of the world, by our technology. We are preparing to go to Mars. Even the spacecraft we made, far away from our solar system. Is it not possible, then, that we can approach the whole planet? It is possible. Learn about it in today’s discussion. Let’s start with one more informative discussion today. Read the discussion carefully, friends. Otherwise you will miss many informative things.
The nearest star system in our Sun is named Alpha Centauri. That’s about 4.5 light years away from us. There are three stars in this star system. Alpha Centauri A and Alpha Centauri B. These two are a binary star. Who revolve around one another. And the other Alpha Centauri c. Which we also know as Proxima Centauri. It is a low mass star. It is also called red dwarf. They are the closest to our sun. That’s about 4.244 light years away from us. In August 2016, scientists made this great discovery. They find that Proxima Centauri has a planetary reserve. That is similar to our world in size. It is then named proxima centauri b.
This Planet is in the Habitable Zone. There may be liquid water here. proxima centauri b Planet’s quest, a great achievement for us. And this may be human’s first interstellar destiny. At present, it is not possible to send people to this planet. But a mission is currently underway, which will play a major role in the study of other solar systems. The name of this billion dollar mission is breakthrough starshot. The Voyager One is the first spacecraft made by our human to go into the interstellar space. The winning pace was, at 17 kilometers per second. That means about 62,140 kilometers per hour.
To reach Proxima Centauri at the speed of Voyager One, will take 70,000 years. But Voyager One is not the only spacecraft to be the fastest. The parker solar probe, launched by NASA, will study very close to the sun. The speed of this spacecraft is 200 kilometers per second. Even with so much speed, it will take about 7,000 years for the parker solar probe to reach the Proxima Centauri. That’s a long time. But friends actually thought that we would go to another solar system and live there. As we see in the science fiction movie. But at present it is not possible. Let’s know how scientists can cross the 4.22 light years path in just a few decades.
On April 12, 2016, breakthrough initiatives launched a research and engineering project called breakthrough starshot. Whose purpose is to develop a concept. How to accelerate a lightsail, using a light beam. From which the interstellar travel becomes so fast that we can compare it with the speed of light. This project may seem easy to hear. But not at all. The project will also cost billions of dollars in research. To support this billion-dollar project, a few billionaire have come together. The three main ones are stephen hawking, yuri milner and mark zuckerberg.
The initial phase of this project has invested $ 100 billion. If everything goes according to plan, the breakthrough starshot mission will be launched in 2036. The first step in this mission will be to launch mothership. Inside this mothership will be small spacecraft. Which will be thrown out of the mothership, far above the earth. This small spacecraft will be called nanocraft. This nanocraft will have two main components. The first star chip and the second the lightsail. The star chip and the lightsail will be just a few grams in weight. To create it, the most advanced technology of the future will be used.
Component of spacecraf
The star chip will be the microelectronic component of this spacecraft. According to the plan, 2 megapixel camera will be installed. And with this will be installed photon thrusters, power supply, navigation and communication equipment. All in all, it will be a small spacecraft. The lightsail that will be used in this mission, its production will depend entirely on nanotechnology. This lightsail will be 4 meters long and wide. But it will not be more than a few hundred atoms thick. On the other hand, the second step of this mission is to be ready.
For this, a large light beamer will be constructed on earth. Where powerful laser will be fitted. It will be built on the advanse light beam technology. When all the nano spacecraft comes out of the mothership, focus will be on the lightsail from the light beamer. All of these light beamer will generate 100 GW of energy. Which will focus one by one on the lightsail. After receiving so much energy, all these lightsail will achieve 20 percent of the speed of light, in just 10 minutes. This time the speed of this nano spacecraft, will be 37,000 miles per second. Similarly, thousands of nano spacecraft will be launched.
Travel about trillion miles
These nano spacecraft will travel about 25 trillion miles. About 20 to 25 years after launch, these nano spacecraft will reach Proxima Centauri. And then this spacecraft with its 2 megapixel camera, will see that sun. And will it really look like Proxima Centauri has a Planet? Which can take the place of the human world in the future? Based on the information from all these nano spacecraft, we can find out about any solar system outside our solar system. We will look at each and every picture. That will show us the 2 megapixel eyes of the nano spacecraft. That would be very proud of us. It will also take 4 years for all this information to reach us.
Any small information coming from here will be very important to us. Which will help us uncover the great mysteries of the universe. To catch all this information, it would take very little time for all those nano spacecraft. Because all these spacecraft will travel at 20 percent speed of light. This Proxima Centauri picture must be captured while traveling. And we have to send. The mission is expected to be launched in 2036. Within 20 years of launch, this spacecraft will reach Proxima Centauri. Just 4 years later, we can see a real picture of Proxima Centauri b.
Advancement of science
So guys, we can only hope that in the next 50 years we will have a picture of Proxima Centauri b. It may also be possible, for the first time, that we may see an alien civilization. The advancement of science has taken us by surprise. Science is constantly bringing new discoveries to us. Nothing was left to science. There was a time when we thought our solar system was alone in this universe. But now we know that we are not. There are more trillions of such neighbors in our universe. And this is only made possible by science. Thanks.