Madagascar, an island southeast of Africa, in the Indian Ocean. Not only is the island geographically isolated, its biodiversity and natural environment are also very different. About 90 percent of Madagascar’s flora and fauna are nowhere to be seen. This island, full of natural beauty, is one of the poorest and most unhappy countries in the world. In our episode today, we will learn about Madagascar, the fourth largest island in the world. The discussion is about to become very informative. Let’s get started.
Between 350 and 550
Madagascar is one of the most populous regions of the world where people have settled recently. It is estimated that some 300,000 years after human settlement began on earth, people found the island. Before the birth of Christ there is little evidence of human settlement here. However, according to the researchers, the inhabitants of the current Indonesia region, between 350 and 550, created a full human settlement in Madagascar. In the seventh century, the merchants of Arabia and Persia became interested in the island. Around 1000 from the mainland of Africa, large numbers of natives began to come to Madagascar.
The people of Madagascar, now known as malagasy. Also the name of the traditional language of Madagascar is malagasy. However, as the official language of Madagascar, the French language is also practiced. The island of Madagascar is 587,041 km². Madagascar has a population of about 25.57 million. Most of the people here, adhere to their local religious beliefs. The rest are people of Christianity and some of the Muslims also live here. The name of the currency of Madagascar is Malagasy ariary. Being an island state, Madagascar has no other border state. The island is separated from Africa by the mozambique channel.
Merchant Marco polo, Madagascar standardized. He is the first of the Europeans to report on the existence of Madagascar. The Portuguese began to come to this island in the early 1500’s, but later the French were able to occupy Madagascar. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Madagascar was used as a stronghold of pirates. And until the nineteenth century, the island was one of the main centers of slave trade. From the sixteenth century until the end of the nineteenth century, Madagascar included the kingdom of imerina. During their rule many European colonists came to Madagascar. But in fact, too, could not do much to benefit.
In 1883, the French invaded Madagascar. Thirteen years later in 1896, the French colonial power overthrew Madagascar’s monarchy, declaring the island a French colony. Many years later, in 1946, Madagascar was adopted as the French overseas territories. But even then the island’s inhabitants continued to seek independence from the French. Although the French were able to suppress an armed insurgent group in Madagascar in 1947, it did not last long for the French. Later in 1960, Madagascar gained independence from the French.
Scientists refer to the island as the eighth continent of the earth because of Madagascar’s rich ecology. Based on the abundance of biodiversity, 17 countries of the world have been awarded the most diverse design. Madagascar is one of the most diverse countries. Most of Madagascar’s flora and fauna is nowhere to be seen on earth. Since the beginning of human settlement on this island, 80 percent of the forest land has disappeared to the present time. There are currently about 250,000 wild animals in Madagascar, not in any other part of the world. 90 percent of Madagascar’s 14,000 species of plants are found only in this region.
Lemurs are one of the only wild animals to be found in Madagascar. According to a 2012 estimate, about 112 species of Lemurs live in Madagascar. Due to the massive deforestation, large-scale Lemurs have become extinct. And many species of lemurs are in danger today. Madagascar can be seen in large quantities. It is estimated that half of the world’s lizards live on this island. One of the many trees found in Madagascar is the Baobab tree. Of the nine species of Baobab trees, six are found in Madagascar. These trees can grow up to 98 feet tall. Most surprisingly, Baobab can live for more than a thousand years.
Among Madagascar’s agricultural products, the most notable are vanilla, cloves, coffee and litchi. Most of the world’s vanilla and cloves are made from Madagascar. Shrimp is another important agricultural product in Madagascar. Half of the world now comes from Sapphire, Madagascar. In addition to Sapphire, many more precious stones are found on this island. According to data from the International Trade Center, Madagascar’s most valuable export products are nickel and cobalt.
Historical city in Madagascar
The capital of Madagascar is Antananarivo. It is the largest and most populous city in Madagascar. About 2 million people live in this city. The city of Antananarivo, the center of Madagascar’s administrative, political and economic activities. In 1625 King Andrianjaka built this city. Antananarivo means the city of thousands. The reason for such naming is that during the reign of King Andrianjaka, 1000 troops always guarded the city. Madagascar is a relatively poor country. Seventy percent of the people in this country live below the poverty line. Their daily living costs only less than $ 1. This region is also one of the Unhappy country in the world.
According to the world happiness report 2019, Madagascar is the 14th unhappy country in the world. In contrast to the poor and unhappy living conditions of this country, luxury tourism is becoming popular day by day. Madagascar’s nosy ankao and miavana, both on the island, have been developed with extremely expensive tourism. There is no arrangement for the ferry route to the miavana light. Only helicopters can be climbed here. Traveling to the island is expensive, but every year, countless tourists visit here. Although Madagascar is the largest island in the Indian Ocean, it is the fourth largest island in the world.